path: root/doc/admin.rst
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authorlouiz’ <>2018-08-30 16:52:47 +0200
committerlouiz’ <>2018-08-30 16:52:47 +0200
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tree3901edf1522c0b9540776e9d5d9c8ba7096af37b /doc/admin.rst
parent23e6c7f8c838ab2a57e48f63b6d15ed9fdadffbc (diff)
Add the homepage URL in the doc, and reformat a few paragraphs
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Administrator documentation
+Biboumi acts as a server, it should be run as a daemon that lives in the
+background for as long as it is needed. Note that biboumi does not
+daemonize itself, this task should be done by your init system (SysVinit,
+systemd, upstart).
+When started, biboumi connects, without encryption (see :ref:`Security`), to the
+local XMPP server on the port ``5347`` and authenticates with the provided
+password. Biboumi then serves the configured ``hostname``: this means that
+all XMPP stanza with a `to` JID on that domain will be forwarded to biboumi
+by the XMPP server, and biboumi will only send messages coming from that
+Configuration happens in different places, with different purposes:
+- The main and global configuration that specifies vital settings for the
+ daemon to run, like the hostname, password etc. This is an admin-only
+ configuration, and this is described in the next section.
+- A TLS configuration, also admin-only, that can be either global or
+ per-domain. See `TLS configuration`_ section.
+- Using the :ref:`ad-hoc commands`, each user can configure various
+ settings for themself
+Daemon configuration
+The configuration file is read by biboumi as it starts. The path is
+specified as the only argument to the biboumi binary.
+The configuration file uses a simple format of the form ``option=value``
+(note that there are no spaces before or after the equal sign).
+The values from the configuration file can be overridden by environment
+variables, with the name all in upper case and prefixed with `BIBOUMI_`.
+For example, if the environment contains “BIBOUMI_PASSWORD=blah", this will
+override the value of the “password” option in the configuration file.
+Sending SIGUSR1, SIGUSR2 or SIGHUP (see kill(1)) to the process will force
+it to re-read the configuration and make it close and re-open the log
+files. You can use this to change any configuration option at runtime, or
+do a log rotation.
+A configuration file can look something like this:
+.. code-block:: ini
+ password=mypassword
+ xmpp_server_ip=
+ port=5347
+ db_name=postgresql://biboumi:password@localhost/biboumi
+ realname_customization=true
+ realname_from_jid=false
+ log_file=
+ ca_file=
+ outgoing_bind=
+Here is a description of all available options
+Mandatory. The hostname served by the XMPP gateway. This domain must be
+configured in the XMPP server as an external component. See the manual
+for your XMPP server for more information. For prosody, see
+Mandatory. The password used to authenticate the XMPP component to your
+XMPP server. This password must be configured in the XMPP server,
+associated with the external component on *hostname*.
+The IP address to connect to the XMPP server on. The connection to the
+XMPP server is unencrypted, so the biboumi instance and the server should
+normally be on the same host. The default value is
+The TCP port to use to connect to the local XMPP component. The default
+value is 5347.
+The name of the database to use. This option can only be used if biboumi
+has been compiled with a database support (Sqlite3 and/or PostgreSQL). If
+the value begins with the postgresql scheme, “postgresql://” or
+“postgres://”, then biboumi will try to connect to the PostgreSQL database
+specified by the URI. See
+for all possible values. For example the value could be
+“postgresql://user:secret@localhost”. If the value does not start with the
+postgresql scheme, then it specifies a filename that will be opened with
+Sqlite3. For example the value could be “/var/lib/biboumi/biboumi.sqlite”.
+The bare JID of the gateway administrator. This JID will have more
+privileges than other standard users, for example some administration
+ad-hoc commands will only be available to that JID.
+If you need more than one administrator, separate them with a colon (:).
+If this option contains the hostname of an IRC server (for example, then biboumi will enforce the connexion to that IRC
+server only. This means that a JID like ````
+must be used instead of ````. The
+`%` character loses any meaning in the JIDs. It can appear in the JID but
+will not be interpreted as a separator (thus the JID
+```` points to the channel named
+``#channel%hello`` on the configured IRC server) This option can for
+example be used by an administrator that just wants to let their users
+join their own IRC server using an XMPP client, while forbidding access to
+any other IRC server.
+If this option is set to `true`, all rooms will be persistent by default:
+the value of the “persistent” option in the global configuration of each
+user will be “true”, but the value of each individual room will still
+default to false. This means that a user just needs to change the global
+“persistent” configuration option to false in order to override this.
+If it is set to false (the default value), all rooms are not persistent by
+Each room can be configured individually by each user, to override this
+default value. See :ref:`Ad-hoc commands`.
+If this option is set to “false” (default is “true”), the users will not be
+able to use the ad-hoc commands that lets them configure their realname and
+If this option is set to “true”, the realname and username of each biboumi
+user will be extracted from their JID. The realname is their bare JID, and
+the username is the node-part of their JID. Note that if
+``realname_customization`` is “true”, each user will still be able to
+customize their realname and username, this option just decides the default
+realname and username.
+If this option is set to “false” (the default value), the realname and
+username of each user will be set to the nick they used to connect to the
+IRC server.
+Configure a password to be communicated to the IRC server, as part of the
+WEBIRC message (see If this option is
+set, an additional DNS resolution of the hostname of each XMPP server will
+be made when connecting to an IRC server.
+A filename into which logs are written. If none is provided, the logs are
+written on standard output.
+Indicate what type of log messages to write in the logs. Value can be
+from 0 to 3. 0 is debug, 1 is info, 2 is warning, 3 is error. The
+default is 0, but a more practical value for production use is 1.
+Specifies which file should be used as the list of trusted CA when
+negociating a TLS session. By default this value is unset and biboumi
+tries a list of well-known paths.
+An address (IPv4 or IPv6) to bind the outgoing sockets to. If no value is
+specified, it will use the one assigned by the operating system. You can
+for example use outgoing_bind= to force biboumi to use the
+interface with this address. Note that this is only used for connections
+to IRC servers.
+The TCP port on which to listen for identd queries. The default is the
+standard value: 113. To be able to listen on this privileged port, biboumi
+needs to have certain capabilities: on linux, using systemd, this can be
+achieved by adding `AmbientCapabilities=CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE` to the unit
+file. On other systems, other solutions exist, like the portacl module on
+If biboumi’s identd server is properly started, it will receive queries from
+the IRC servers asking for the “identity” of each IRC connection made to it.
+Biboumi will answer with a hash of the JID that made the connection. This is
+useful for the IRC server to be able to distinguish the different users, and
+be able to deal with the absuses without having to simply ban the IP. Without
+this identd server, moderation is a lot harder, because all the different
+users of a single biboumi instance all share the same IP, and they can’t be
+distinguished by the IRC servers.
+To disable the built-in identd, you may set identd_port to 0.
+A directory that should contain the policy files, used to customize
+Botan’s behaviour when negociating the TLS connections with the IRC
+servers. If not specified, the directory is the one where biboumi’s
+configuration file is located: for example if biboumi reads its
+configuration from /etc/biboumi/biboumi.cfg, the policy_directory value
+will be /etc/biboumi.
+TLS configuration
+Various settings of the TLS connections can be customized using policy
+files. The files should be located in the directory specified by the
+configuration option `policy_directory`_. When attempting to connect to
+an IRC server using TLS, biboumi will use Botan’s default TLS policy, and
+then will try to load some policy files to override the values found in
+these files. For example, if policy_directory is /etc/biboumi, when
+trying to connect to, biboumi will try to read
+/etc/biboumi/policy.txt, use the values found to override the default
+values, then it will try to read /etc/biboumi/
+and re-override the policy with the values found in this file.
+The policy.txt file applies to all the connections, and
+irc.example.policy.txt will only apply (in addition to policy.txt) when
+connecting to that specific server.
+To see the list of possible options to configure, refer to `Botan’s TLS
+documentation <>`_.
+In addition to these Botan options, biboumi implements a few custom options
+listed hereafter:
+- verify_certificate: if this value is set to false, biboumi will not check
+the certificate validity at all. The default value is true.
+By default, biboumi provides a few policy files, to work around some
+issues found with a few well-known IRC servers.
+The connection to the XMPP server can only be made on localhost. The
+XMPP server is not supposed to accept non-local connections from
+components. Thus, encryption is not used to connect to the local
+XMPP server because it is useless.
+If compiled with the Botan library, biboumi can use TLS when communicating
+with the IRC servers. It will first try ports 6697 and 6670 and use TLS
+if it succeeds, if connection fails on both these ports, the connection is
+established on port 6667 without any encryption.
+Biboumi does not check if the received JIDs are properly formatted using
+nodeprep. This must be done by the XMPP server to which biboumi is
+directly connected.
+Biboumi does not provide a way to ban users from connecting to it, has no
+protection against flood or any sort of abuse that your users may cause on
+the IRC servers. Some XMPP server however offer the possibility to restrict
+what JID can access a gateway. Use that feature if you wish to grant access
+to your biboumi instance only to a list of trusted users.
-.. toctree::
- :maxdepth: 2
- configuration